The plant cannabis contains hundreds of chemical compounds.
Two that get a lot of attention are:
Effects can be felt within seconds to minutes of smoking, vaporizing (vaping) or dabbing cannabis and can last up to 24 hours. If you eat or drink cannabis, these effects can occur within 30 minutes to two hours and last up to 24 hours.
Cannabis can have different effects on the mind. Often, cannabis will cause you to feel “high”, have a sense of well-being, and relaxation. However, cannabis may also cause negative and unpleasant effects including fatigue, confusion, anxiety, fear or panic. Short-term risks of cannabis use are effects on memory and making it harder to learn things, and effects on attention and psychomotor function. Long-term risks of cannabis use include permanent harm to mental functioning, risks of depression and anxiety disorders. Smoking cannabis, especially with tobacco, harms your lungs and respiratory system.
Studies have consistently found that the earlier cannabis use begins and the more frequently and longer it is used, the greater the risk of potential developmental harms, some of which may be long-lasting or permanent.
Combining cannabis with alcohol or other drugs greatly increases your risk.
Every time cannabis is used it can:
Using cannabis regularly (daily or almost daily) and over a long time (several months or years) can:
Just like a pregnant woman or new mother's cannabis use can affect her fetus or newborn child.
The substances in cannabis are carried through the mother's blood to her baby during pregnancy. They are passed into the breast milk following birth. This can lead to health problems for the child.
The human brain is not fully developed until age 25.
THC affects the same machinery in the brain that directs brain development. The higher the amount of THC in cannabis the more likely one is to be harmed.
The risks related to cannabis use are higher the younger you are when you start using it. Combining cannabis with alcohol or other drugs greatly increases your risk.